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Monte Carlo Simulation in R – Part IV

Monte Carlo Simulation in R – Part IV

Posted November 5, 2019 at 9:42 am
Jonathan Regenstein

Get up to speed with the required R packages and data – see Part I, Part II and Part III.

First, we need an empty matrix with 51 columns, an initial value of $1 and intuitive column names.

We will use the rep() function to create 51 columns with a 1 as the value and set_names() to name each column with the appropriate simulation number.

sims <- 51
starts <-
rep(1, sims) %>%
set_names(paste(“sim”, 1:sims, sep = “”))

  set_names(paste(“sim”, 1:sims, sep = “”))

Take a peek at starts to see what we just created and how it can house our simulations.

sim1 sim2 sim3 sim4 sim5 sim6
       1         1         1         1         1         1


sim46 sim47 sim48 sim49 sim50 sim51
        1         1         1         1         1         1

51 columns, with a value of 1 in one row. This is where we will store the results of the 51 simulations.

Now we want to apply simulation_accum_1 to each of the 51 columns of the starts matrix and we will do that using the map_dfc() function from the purrr package.

map_dfc() takes a vector, in this case the columns of starts, and applies a function to it. By appending dfc() to the map_ function, we are asking the function to store each of its results as the column of a data frame (map_df() does the same thing, but stores results in the rows of a data frame). After running the code below, we will have a data frame with 51 columns, one for each of our simulations.

We also need to choose how many months to simulate (the N argument to our simulation function) and supply the distribution parameters as we did before. We do not supply the init_value argument because the init_value is 1, that same 1 which is in the 51 columns.

Stay tuned for the next installment, in which Jonathan will apply simulation_accum_1 to each of the 51 columns of the starts matrix and will do that using the map_dfc() function from the purrr package.

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