1/ Asset Allocation RRG
2/ S&P 500 Sector RRG
3/ Growth vs Value RRG
4/ Bond Maturity RRG
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1/ Asset Allocation RRG
Relative Rotation Graphs (RRG) are a dynamic way to view how multiple asset classes are changing relative to each other. Our first RRG observes multiple asset classes relative to the Vanguard Balanced Index Fund, which represents a low-cost proxy for the traditional 60/40 portfolio. Assets generally rotate clockwise from the green leading quadrant, into the yellow weakening quadrant, then the red lagging quadrant, and then into the blue improving quadrant, all relative to the Vanguard Balanced Index Fund in this example. Keep in mind that these charts are simply measuring cross sectional momentum and are not reflective of time series momentum. So, even if the asset is leading on a relative basis, it may still be declining in price if the reference asset is also declining.
Based on this RRG, the GSCI Commodity index is the top asset allocation sector leading, followed by the India Nifty Fifty Index (NIFTY) and then the S&P600 Small Cap index (SP600). Regarding asset allocation and depending on your individual circumstances, it may be most sensible to increase weightings to the leading asset classes, while rotating capital away from the lagging and weakening assets and into the improving asset classes.
2/ S&P 500 Sector RRG
When utilizing RRG charts, we can dig deeper to not only observe what is happening from an overall asset allocation perspective, but what is happening within each of the specific indices. On this RRG we can observe the different sector constituents of the S&P500 index (SPX).
The S&P500 energy sector (XLE) is leading with financial sectors close behind. The financial sector (XLF) is just rotating now from the improving quadrant to the leading quadrant. It is notable that the best performing sectors to date are now starting to lag the broader S&P500 index. Information technology (XLK), consumer discretionary (XLY) and communication services (XLC) are now weakening and appear to be heading for the lagging quadrant.
Just as the earlier asset allocation chart, it may be prudent to rotate from weakening sectors into improving sectors. But this situation presents more complex dynamics. This is because information technology, consumer discretionary, and communications services constitute about 47% of the S&P 500 index. This imbalance is because the S&P500 is a market cap weighed index. If these sectors are lagging the broader index, while energy is the primary leading sector at 4.8% of the index, there will be considerable downside pressure on the index as whole. It may be worth consideration to look at a non-market cap weighted indices as an alternative.
3/ Growth vs Value RRG
The S&P500 growth index has led the S&P500 value index (SVX) on a total return basis this year. Although we may be experiencing a shift in this relationship. The RRG is presented along side a traditional ratio chart. The traditional ratio chart depicts a picture of growth continuing to strongly lead value over the last 6 months.
The RRG chart may provide an investor with substantially more information. The tails have been extended to show the path that each of the indices have traveled over the last 26 weeks. So, while growth has clearly led value, this relationship may be beginning to change. As the value index is rotating through the improving quadrant and heading towards the leading quadrant. The opposite is true with the growth index.
This has important implications for portfolio rebalancing. Instead of using rebalancing frequencies that are date focused, it may be more effective to take a dynamic approach to rebalancing at times when key indices are appearing to rotate from leading to weakening or lagging in to improving quadrants.
4/ Bond Maturities
RRG charts can also provide a way to efficiently visualize opportunities across the fixed income yield curve. This is one of the most interesting RRG charts in a long time. There is almost no rotation in the respective maturities. Each one is moving directly towards the outer diameters of the RRG charts in their respective quadrants.
This highlights the rapid rate at which the lagging positions are deteriorating on a relative basis. The opposite is true regarding the assets in the leading quadrant. Keep in mind that eventually positions rotate from the lagging to improving and into the leading quadrants. Given the potential for this eventual rotation, a contrarian investor may identify opportunity on a chart like this. Realizing that rotating away from the leading sectors into the lagging sectors may provide a unique opportunity if the lagging sectors quickly turn towards the improving quadrant.
RRG charts are dynamic tools that can be used uniquely by each individual investor. Each of the charts today highlights important concepts and implications for the investment process.
Advisory Services offered through Sykon Capital, LLC, a registered investment advisor with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. This material is intended for informational purposes only. It should not be construed as legal or tax advice and is not intended to replace the advice of a qualified attorney or tax advisor. The information contained in this presentation has been compiled from third party sources and is believed to be reliable as of the date of this report. Past performance is not indicative of future returns and diversification neither assures a profit nor guarantees against loss in a declining market. Investments involve risk and are not guaranteed.
Originally posted 3d October 2023
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